徐振雄教授&計畫團隊~通識法學●法學通識 教學部落格

關於部落格
★總計畫主持人:徐振雄教授
★99年度「科技法學與專業倫理」整合型課程創新計畫:案例、理論與實務的跨域對話
★98年度「法律通識課程結合理論與實務之案例與對話教學模組整合型計畫
★97年度「開發『資訊生活與法律』課程教材與對話式教學模組創新計畫」
★96年度「以憲法案例式教學培養大學校院學生的憲法意識」
【執行學校:萬能科技大學通識教育中心,本計畫由教育部顧問室補助】
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行政訴訟流程 ─ 一個事例的說明/畢乃俊法官

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 14pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">行政訴訟流程</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="color: black; font-size: 14pt"><font face="Calibri"> </font></span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 14pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">─</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="color: black; font-size: 14pt"><font face="Calibri"> </font></span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 14pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">一個事例的說明</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">一、真實事例:臺北高等行政法院</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">94</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年度訴字第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">02472</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">號判決</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p><font face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">二、事例說明:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: 17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">甲係台灣大學醫學院醫學系四年級學生,</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">92</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">學年度第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">2 </font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">學期選修</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">5 </font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">門課程</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">16</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">學分,其中</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri"> 11</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">學分不及格,已達該學期修習學分總數三分之二,經該校依學則第</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">28</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">條規定,於</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">93</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">年</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">10</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">月</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">27</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">日公告,予以退學處分。甲不服,向台大提出申訴,經駁回,甲再向教育部提起訴願,經遭駁回,向臺北高等行政法院提起行政訴訟。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p><font face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">三、行政法實體爭執事項:退學是否合法?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p><font face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">四、行政訴訟流程:</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(一)退學處分(原行政處分)</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 7.1pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-para-margin-left: .59gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">1、被私立大學退學,可否提起行政訴訟?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 7.1pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-para-margin-left: .59gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">2、被記過時,大學生可否提行政訴訟?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(二)向學校提出申訴</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(三)向上級機關(教育部)提起訴願</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(四)向高等行政法院提起行政訴訟。</span></b><font face="Calibri"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"> </span></b><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</span><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 7.1pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-para-margin-left: .59gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">1、起訴狀寄到(送到)法院收文處,繳費(新台幣</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri">4000</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">元)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 7.1pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-para-margin-left: .59gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">2、法院通知開庭日期。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 7.1pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-para-margin-left: .59gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">3、準備期日(受命法官調查證據)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 46pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">a、法院組織、位置說明(合議庭)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><font face="Calibri"> <o:p></o:p></font></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 46pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">b、原告訴之聲明(請求判決主文記載之事項)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 46pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">c、被告答辯聲明(是否同意原告請求?)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 46pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">d、雙方對事實有爭執時,均可聲請調查證據(例如教授有無用缺課當作打分數之基礎?缺課未請假是否有正當理由?),事實須憑證據認定。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 46pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">e、對法律要件有爭執時,提出自己之見解(例如二分一退學之規定有無違反憲法規定?)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 7.1pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-para-margin-left: .59gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">4、言詞辯論期日─言詞辯論終結,定期(二至三星期後)宣判。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 7.1pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-para-margin-left: .59gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">5、法官評議後,由受命法官主筆將評議結果反映於判決書上。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 46pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">a、依證據認定事實,認定哪一方主張之事實為正確(例如認定缺課沒有正當理由)</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 46pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">b、依所認定之事實,適用法律</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 67.25pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 4.13gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">Ⅰ、缺課無正當理由,因遭退學,是否符合大學學則?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 67.25pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 4.13gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">Ⅱ、大學學則規定二分一不及格退學,有無違反憲法上人民受教權之保障?有無違反法律保留原則?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 67.25pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 4.13gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">Ⅲ、教授主觀之評分法院可否予以更改?教授有無專業判斷餘地?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 67.25pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 4.13gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">Ⅳ、退學是否違反相關法治國家應遵守之原理原則,如平等原則、公益原則、比例原則、誠信原則、信賴原則?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -17.7pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 67.25pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; mso-para-margin-left: 4.13gd"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">Ⅵ、退學是否有違一般公認之價值判斷標準?是否違反法定之正當程序?是否出於與事物無關之考量,亦即違反不當連結之禁止?</span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(五)向最高行政法院提起上訴</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; layout-grid-mode: char"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 10pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(六)如有必要,應移送行政執行署執行(通常是積欠公家之金錢)</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: black; font-size: 10pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; color: black; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-font-size: 11.0pt; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA"><br clear="all" style="page-break-before: always; mso-special-character: line-break" /></span></b>
繼續閱讀

科技法律、倫理規範與科技政策/吳威志教授

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 18pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技法律、倫理規範與科技政策</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 18pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">雲林科技大學科技法律研究所副教授兼所長</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">吳</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">威</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">志</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span lang="EN-US"><br /></span></b><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">壹、前</span><span lang="EN-US"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"><font face="Calibri">&nbsp; </font></span></span></b><b><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">言</span><font face="Calibri"> </font></b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">一、四大主題</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技政策形成獨立部門,發展出「科技法律」,融入行政、立法、司法各機關與民間執業的各面向與議題。涵蓋四個主題:</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技思維</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技政策</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">法律倫理</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技法律</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><font size="3"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></font></font></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">二<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">、</span>科技思維</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技在法律中如何保障人權</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">?<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">「法律」如何規範「科技」發展</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">?<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">新興科技時代如何重視法律倫理</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">?<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技政策與科技立法的結合</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">?<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">三<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">、</span>法律思維</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">探討科技與智慧財產權法律</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">探討高科技產業發展之法律</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">探討新興的科技立法與議題</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">四<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">、</span>科技對法律的影響</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">美國學者</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">David Friedman</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">研究科技對於法律的影響三項要點</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">:<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技影響法律的執行成本</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技影響法律的成立事實</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技影響法律的假設規範</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">五<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">、</span>科技在憲法上的權力分立</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(以美國行政、立法、司法三權憲法為例)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表行政的總統,設立「科技政策辦公室」,「預算管理局」審查科技預算</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表立法的國會,通過「科技評估法」成立「科技評估室」協助科技議題</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">代表司法的法院,判決尊重政府負責審查的科學家,惡化科學家壟斷科學知識</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">¥美國物理學家坎托維茲</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(Arthur Kantrowitz)</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">提出「科學法院」的構想</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">六、科技在憲法上的人權保障</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">近來許多學者開始提倡「科技公民權」</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(technological citizenship )</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">的概念。主張針對新興科技,基因科技、奈米科技、醫療科技、生化科技或人工智慧科技等,所產生的權利與義務加以規範。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">貳、科技法律</span><span lang="EN-US"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"><font face="Calibri">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </font></span></span></b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">一、科技法律基本認知</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -35.4pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 35.4pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.95"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(一)「科技法律」非僅智慧財產權相關之法律,而是與高科技產業發展與運用有關之法律。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -35.4pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 35.4pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.95"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(二)「科技法律」並非僅是技術層級的法律,而是具備憲法層級深度與價值的法律。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">二、傳統科技法律的議題</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">著作權法、專利法、商標法、營業秘密法、智慧權與公平交易法、資訊隱私權保護法律、網路法、</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">WTO</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">及</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">TRIPS</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">問題之法律、法院及審判制度。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">三、「高科技新興」法律的議題</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">如生物科技、資訊、電信、電子商務,交通航運、工程、醫藥衛生、廣電、科技犯罪,乃至環境保護、食品安全、科技產品之貿易活動與產品責任,犯罪認定與民事責任,訴訟上之證據能力等,與科技特質關聯,而需法律介入規範或管理,皆可成為「科技法律」議題。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">四、近年來科技法律的立法成果:</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(一)保護智慧財產權的法律</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「專利法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「商標法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「著作權法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「積體電路電路布局保護法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">5</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、制定「營業秘密法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">6</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、制定「光碟管理條例」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">7</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、制定「原住民族傳統創作保護條例」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(二)提昇產業競爭的法律</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「公司法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「貿易法」及制定貿易關稅法制</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「促進產業升級條例」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、制定「企業併購法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">5</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正公平交易法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">6</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正個人資料保護法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(三)推動科技發展的法律</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、制定科學技術基本法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、制定電子簽章法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、制定「通訊保障及監察法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正「電信法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">5</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、修正刑法</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">316</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">之</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">條「電子犯罪」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.36gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">6</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、推動「人工生殖法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><font size="3"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></font></font></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">叁、倫理規範</span><font face="Calibri"> </font></b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">一、倫理規範的分類</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(一)法律社會的倫理規範</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">傳統社會五倫的價值</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">中世紀天賦人權的思想</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">基督教平等觀念</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">近代人權與人性尊嚴</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">5</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">福利國家與人民受益權</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(二)法律條文的倫理規範</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">刑法</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">-</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">家庭觀念(妨害家庭與墮胎)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">民法</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">-</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">親子觀念(扶養與懲戒)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">社會秩序維護法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">家庭暴力防治法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">5</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">兒童福利法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">6</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">社會救助法</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">7</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">消費者保護法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(三)法律人的倫理規範</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">法官</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">-</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">法官法與評鑑</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">檢察官</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">-</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">檢察官守則與評鑑</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">律師</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">-</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">律師倫理規範</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">警察人員</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">-</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">警察職權行使法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">5</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">調查人員</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">-</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">通訊保障及監察法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">(四)倫理規範的案例省思</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">襲胸三秒鐘案例</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">偷拍裙底案例</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">公務人員財產來源不明案例</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">律師招攬訴訟案例</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span lang="EN-US"><br /></span></b><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">肆、科技政策</span><span lang="EN-US"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"><font face="Calibri">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </font></span></span></b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">一<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">、</span>科技政策推動機關</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技政策屬於行政院應行推動事項</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">行政院所屬:</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">「經濟建設委員會」為科技政策規劃部</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">「經濟部」為科技政策執行部門</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri"> 經濟部下設「技術處」,負責科技政策的業務。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">二、科技政策的層面</span><font face="Calibri"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">:</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、屬於憲法明文規範的科技政策</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、屬於政府推動產業的科技政策</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、屬於具體執行方面的科技政策</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"> <o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">三<span style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">、</span>「科學技術基本法」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">民國八十八年通過,全世界第二個制定「科學技術基本法」的國家;是科技法律的根本大法。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科學技術基本法的影響層面三種</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">: <o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、政府的角色</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、產業界與財團法人</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.77gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、學術界和研究機構</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科學技術基本法的內容(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">23</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">條)</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">:<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技與人文均衡發展、科技經費預算持續充實、基礎研究的支援、研究資源暨成果轉化、研究發展成果的歸屬、推動科技發展的倫理考量、維護環境生態、生命尊嚴、國家科技發展計畫、基金設置、基金來源、科技人員的保障與進用、支持民間研究發展計畫、提供財政優惠措施、推動國際科技合作、科技教育的推展等規定。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科學技術基本法的限制</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">:<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 21.25pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 1.77"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">憲法增修條文第九條中,政府投資應考慮環境生態保護的規定相呼應</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">;</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">另一方面,現今社會上引起廣泛爭議的許多科技研發倫理議題,如複製人、基因改造食品、人體動物實驗等,亦有相關規範,使科技倫理與科技發展能相互均衡進步。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">四、科技發展的總目標</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、提升整體科技水準;</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、促進經濟發展;</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、提升國民生活品質;</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.15pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.18gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri">4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、建立自主國防能力。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">五、「科技化國家」藍圖重點有三:</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、亞太研究重鎮;</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、亞太高科技製造中心;</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、科技島</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">六、科技政策七項策略</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、強化政策規劃,完善制度法規</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、開發科技人力,規劃人才供需</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、深耕特色領域,追求學術卓越</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>4</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、鼓勵產學合作,發展產業群聚</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>5</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、鼓勵創新創業,促成新興產業</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>6</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、增進民生福祉,提升生活品質</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>7</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、強化國防科技,促進軍民技轉</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span lang="EN-US"><br /></span></b><b><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">伍、結語</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.2pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技與產業的競爭不限於一國,應放眼於全球競爭力的培養。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.2pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">憲法增修條文與新興科技法律,衝擊著社會發展的各類定義。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 14.2pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">、</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">科技的思維與政策如何透過立法實施與過程,形成法律規範。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p>
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科技法律與倫理在社會脈絡中的產業實踐與反思/葉奇鑫執行長

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="font-size: x-large"><span><b><span style="font-family: 標楷體; color: black; mso-font-kerning: 12.0pt">科技法律與倫理在社會脈絡中的產業實踐與反思</span></b></span></span><b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">中華龍網總經理</span><span lang="EN-US"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"><font face="Calibri">&nbsp; </font></span></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">葉奇鑫律師</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><v:line id="直線接點_x0020_1" o:gfxdata="UEsDBBQABgAIAAAAIQC2gziS/gAAAOEBAAATAAAAW0NvbnRlbnRfVHlwZXNdLnhtbJSRQU7DMBBF
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" to="429pt,8pt" from="-6pt,8pt" o:spid="_x0000_s1026" style="z-index: 251657728; position: absolute; visibility: visible"></v:line><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span><br clear="all" style="mso-ignore: vglayout" />&nbsp;</p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -49.65pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 49.65pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: 49.65pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">一、</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">檢察官生涯定位</span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><br /></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">我</span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><font face="Calibri">18</font></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">歲開始寫程式,</span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><font face="Calibri">28</font></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">歲開始寫起訴書</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">&iexcl;<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt">高中自學軟體,大學讀硬體,沒想到當了檢察官居然是看屍體<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">&iexcl;<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt">策略:我非常清楚的知道,我不能走傳統法律路線,我的優勢在於科技和法律雙重背景<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">&iexcl;<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt">結果:智慧財產權和電腦犯罪專責檢察官,調法務部資訊處和檢察司辦事,刑法第三十六章電腦犯罪專章草擬人,連續三年代表我國在<span lang="EN-US">APEC</span>網路犯罪會議演講<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -49.65pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 49.65pt; layout-grid-mode: char; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: 49.65pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">二、</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">現代電腦兒童面對的網路風險</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">n<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">大人會被騙,小孩更容易被騙</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">n<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">大人會中電腦病毒,小孩更會中電腦病毒</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">n<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">大人會小心保護自己的隱私,小孩不會</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">n<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">大人曾經滄海難為水,小孩則是情竇初開</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">n<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">大人用電腦工作,小孩用電腦玩樂和交友</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">n<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">大人喜歡拍別人,小孩喜歡自拍</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">n<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">大人通常用正版,小孩原則用盜版</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo4; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">三、</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">聰明的變成駭客<br /></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">四、</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span></b><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">個人隱私洩漏</span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo3; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Wingdings 2'"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">&iexcl;<span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 14pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">因為搜索引擎的發達,隱私一但在網路上洩漏,再也追不回來。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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科技法學與倫理/李崇僖教授

<p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">科技法學與倫理</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">中原大學法學院</span><font face="Calibri"> </font></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">李崇僖</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></b></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">一、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">科技就在你的生活中</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">二、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">什麼是科技法學</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">三、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">科技法學的三個面向</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">四、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">常見之科技風險選擇</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">五、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">哪些科技較有倫理問題</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">六、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">生物科技:干預大自然</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">七、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">生物科技:虐待動物</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">八、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">生殖科技:扮演上帝</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">九、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">生殖科技:訂製小孩</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">十、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">神經科技:審判良心?</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -42.55pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3" face="Calibri">十一、</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">如果有抹除傷痛的技術</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">1.</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">你會選擇使用嗎?</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2.</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">你同意這可以用來治療嗎?</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 42.55pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">3.</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">你認為應如何規範其應用?</span></font><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
繼續閱讀

何謂「環境倫理學」/ 程進發教授

<span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt"><o:p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">講題:何謂「環境倫理學」<span lang="EN-US">-- </span></span></b><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 10.5pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">程進發</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">100/3/19<o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 9pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"><font face="Calibri">&nbsp; </font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri">希望能夠讓同學理解何謂環境倫理,透過幾個重要的思潮理論,以及幾個環境倫理學的議題,刺激與引導同學能就人類對待環境的規範與價值觀問題進行思考;最終則是在認知與思考之後可以實踐一種對自己與環境健康的生活方式。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p><font face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">講題分為幾個部分:<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">一、<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold">從與我們生活相關的幾個綠生活標章,以及〈對你所棲息的自然環境的覺察<u> </u>問卷與分享〉自我檢視對環境的認知、關懷與實踐。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">二、<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">簡介幾個主要的環境倫理學思潮,包括:大地倫理、自然價值論、深層生態學等。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">三、<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">透過幾個環境倫理學議題案例進行討論,如生態旅遊、動物權、素食、永續發展與全球暖化等,更具體地瞭解人類的生活行為與自然環境之間的倫理意涵。<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">四、<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;"> </span></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">結語<span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">(</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">一<span lang="EN-US">) </span>我們必要在有限或限制性的條件底下生存。 <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">(</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">二<span lang="EN-US">) </span>同時,自覺我們的存在,重新面對他者,包括非人類生命與自然環境。 <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">(</span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt">三<span lang="EN-US">) </span>環境是一個道場。 <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 11pt"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: normal; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt">&nbsp;</p></o:p></span>
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科技法規與生命倫理/陳運星教授

<p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="text-align: center; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">科技法規與生命倫理<br /></span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 16pt"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes"><font face="Times New Roman">&nbsp; </font></span></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'"><br />科技與法律的整合議題</span></b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Comic Sans MS'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Comic Sans MS'; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Comic Sans MS'"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">&bull;</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">科技與法律的整合在現今台灣產業發展是必要的。生命科技或生命科技的進步,雖然帶來人類生活上的改善,但也衍生出許多的法律、社會、環境、宗教、倫理議題,例如在人性尊嚴、公序良俗、可專利性、危險責任、社會風險等問題。</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Times New Roman"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo1; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: 'Comic Sans MS'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Comic Sans MS'; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Comic Sans MS'"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">&bull;</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-weight: bold; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">二十一世紀,科技的進步日新月異且樣態多變,法律的制定、解釋與適用也必須隨著科技的發展而有所修改、變遷與革新。</span><font face="Times New Roman"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 18pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">科技創新政策</span></b><font face="Times New Roman"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">&bull;</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">聯合國教育科學文化組織(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Times New Roman">UNESCO</font></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)的定義</span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">:科技政策是一個國家為強化其科技潛力,已達成綜合開發之目標和提高國家地位而建立的組織、制度及執行方向。</span><font face="Times New Roman"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo4; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">&bull;</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">創新政策的精義在於創新行為牽涉新思維、新發明的創造、產品設計、試製、生產、行銷、市場化等一系列活動,形成複雜的關係與互動網絡,企業在市場機制的激勵下從事創新,而政府則透過其與產業界及科技界的互動聯繫,利用政策促進知識的創新,再進而影響經濟發展</span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">科技發展法制化</span></b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">&bull;</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">當「科技」對社會出現的深遠影響與爭議性效果,「治理」(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Times New Roman">governance</font></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)已經成為處理具有高度爭議性的「科技法律」的主流思維</span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo2; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">&bull;</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">科技發展應不受多元化社會和政黨輪替的影響,故為使其科技資源之運用有效與穩定起見,需要將科技政策工具,透過國會監督予以法制化</span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">台灣科技政策法規之演進</span></b><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -18pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo3; tab-stops: list 36.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">&bull;</font><span style="font: 7pt 'Times New Roman'">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><font size="3"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">台灣科技政策先後由獎勵投資條例、促進產業升級條例、科學技術基本法、產業創新條例、文化創意產業發展法等法律及相關配套行政命令的無縫(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Times New Roman">seamless</font></span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)接軌,從硬體建設漸進發展到軟體建設,再提升為智慧財產權佈局與管理,以實現科技創新政策的目標</span><font face="Times New Roman"> </font><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Times New Roman">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p>
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網路及資訊倫理/葉玟妤律師

<br /><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">網路及資訊倫理</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">葉玟妤律師</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><font size="3"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span><o:p></o:p></font></font></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">誹謗罪</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">意圖散布於眾,而指摘或傳述足以毀損他人名譽之事者,為誹謗罪,處一</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">年以下有期徒刑、拘役或五百元以下罰金。</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">散布文字、圖畫犯前項之罪者,處二年以下有期徒刑、拘役或一千元以下</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">罰金。</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">對於所誹謗之事,能證明其為真實者,不罰。但涉於私德而與公共利益無</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">關者,不在此限。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">刑法</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">310</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">) <o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: 28.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 2.36"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">誹謗罪免責條件</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">以善意發表言論,而有下列情形之一者,不罰:</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">一、因自衛、自辯或保護合法之利益者。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">二、公務員因職務而報告者。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">三、對於可受公評之事,而為適當之評論者。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">四、對於中央及地方之會議或法院或公眾集會之記事,而為適當之載述者。</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">刑法</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">311</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">)<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">公然侮辱罪</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">公然侮辱人者,處拘役或三百元以下罰金。</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">以強暴犯前項之罪者,處一年以下有期徒刑、拘役或五百元以下罰金。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">刑法</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">309</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">) <o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">妨害名譽</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">不法侵害他人之身體、健康、名譽、自由、信用、隱私、貞操,或不法侵</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">害其他人格法益而情節重大者,被害人雖非財產上之損害,亦得請求賠償</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">相當之金額。其名譽被侵害者,並得請求回復名譽之適當處分。</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">前項請求權,不得讓與或繼承。但以金額賠償之請求權已依契約承諾,或</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">已起訴者,不在此限。</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">前二項規定,於不法侵害他人基於父、母、子、女或配偶關係之身分法益</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">而情節重大者,準用之。</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US">(</span></font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">民法</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">195</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">)<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">欺罔或顯失公平之行為</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">除本法另有規定者外,事業亦不得為其他足以影響交易秩序之欺罔或顯失公平之行為。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">公平法第</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">24</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">)<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">智慧財產權是專屬權</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo2"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">一、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">保護智慧財產權所採用之二種方式:「創作保護主義」與「登記保護主義」</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo2"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">二、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">專利登記保護主義。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo2"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">三、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">商標登記保護主義。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo2"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">四、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權創作保護主義。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權法</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo3"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">一、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">授權</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">/</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">侵權</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo3"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">二、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權法之核心判斷標準</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">―</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">合理使用</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(fair use)</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">制度</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作利用行為原則上均須取得授權始得合法利用,否則為侵權行為。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">例外在符合『合理使用』規定時,無須取得授權。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo3"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">三、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權法第</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">44</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條至第</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">63</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條為合理使用之個別規定</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l1 level1 lfo3"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">四、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權法第</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">65</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條第</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">2</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">項,為合理使用之概括規定</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">無著作權之資料</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">下列各款不得為著作權之標的︰</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l5 level1 lfo4"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">一、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">憲法、法律、命令或公文。</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l5 level1 lfo4"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">二、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">中央或地方機關就前款著作作成之翻譯物或編輯物。</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l5 level1 lfo4"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">三、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">標語及通用之符號、名詞、公式、數表、表格、簿冊或時曆。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l5 level1 lfo4"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">四、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">單純為傳達事實之新聞報導所作成之語文著作。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l5 level1 lfo4"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">五、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">依法令舉行之各類考試試題及其備用試題。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">前項第一款所稱公文,包括公務員於職務上草擬之文告、講稿、新聞稿及其他文書。</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權法第九條</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">)<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">合理使用原則</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l6 level1 lfo5"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">一、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">什麼是「合理使用原則」?</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">「著作之合理使用,不構成著作財產權之侵害」</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">(</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權法&sect;</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">65)<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">&rarr;「合理使用原則」是對著作財產權的限制。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l6 level1 lfo5"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">二、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">目的:為了促進文化進步,與調和社會公益,在未經著作權人同意的情形下,亦得對著作加以利用。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l6 level1 lfo5"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">三、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">例如:學生為了寫論文而使用他人的著作。老師為了編教材而使用他人的著作。<br /><br /></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">使用電腦常見的重製行為</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">一、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">儲存(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">save</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">二、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">上載(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">upload</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">三、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">貼上(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">paste</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">四、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">轉寄(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">forward</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">五、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">下載(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">download</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">六、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">轉貼(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">repost</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">七、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">傳輸(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">send) <o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">八、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">瀏覽</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span>( browse</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">九、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">列印(</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">print</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">重製罪</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></b></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l4 level1 lfo7"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">一、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">擅自以重製之方法侵害他人之著作財產權者,處三年以下有期徒刑、拘役,或科或併科新臺幣七十五萬元以下罰金。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l4 level1 lfo7"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">二、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">意圖銷售或出租而擅自以重製之方法侵害他人之著作財產權者,處六月以上五年以下有期徒刑,得併科新臺幣二十萬元以上二百萬元以下罰金。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l4 level1 lfo7"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">三、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">以重製於光碟之方法犯前項之罪者,處六月以上五年以下有期徒刑,得併科新臺幣五十萬元以上五百萬元以下罰金。</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -24pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l4 level1 lfo7"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-bidi-theme-font: minor-fareast"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font face="Calibri">四、</font></span></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作僅供個人參考或合理使用者,不構成著作權侵害。(著作權法第</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">91</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條)</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoListParagraph" style="text-indent: -21.3pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 21.3pt; mso-para-margin-left: 0gd; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo1"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: Wingdings; mso-bidi-font-family: Wingdings; mso-fareast-font-family: Wingdings"><span style="mso-list: Ignore"><font size="3">n</font><span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">侵害著作財產權</span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></font></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><font size="3"><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">擅自以公開口述、公開播送、公開上映、公開演出、公開傳輸、公開展示</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">、改作、編輯、出租之方法侵害他人之著作財產權者,處三年以下有期徒</span><font face="Calibri"> </font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">刑、拘役、或科或併科新臺幣七十五萬元以下罰金。</span><font face="Calibri"> <span lang="EN-US">(</span></font><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">著作權法第</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">92</font></span><span style="font-family: &quot;新細明體&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family: 新細明體; mso-ascii-theme-font: minor-latin; mso-fareast-theme-font: minor-fareast; mso-hansi-theme-font: minor-latin">條</span><span lang="EN-US"><font face="Calibri">)<o:p></o:p></font></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span lang="EN-US"><o:p><font size="3" face="Calibri">&nbsp;</font></o:p></span></p>
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992課程座談

<span style="font-size: medium"><span><span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri"><strong>■網路法與網路倫理課程<br /></strong>講題:<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">網路倫理及議題</span><br />講者:<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">葉玟妤(<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">執業律師</span>)<br /><br /></span></span></span></span></span><span><span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="font-size: medium"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt">&nbsp;</p></p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="font-size: medium"><span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri"><strong>■生物科技法與生命倫理課程<br /></strong>講題:<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">科技法規與生命倫理<br /></span></span>講者:<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">陳運星<br />(<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">朝陽科大老人服務事業管理系暨通識教育中心副教授</span>)<br /></span></span></span></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt">&nbsp;</p></span></span></span><span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt"><span style="font-size: medium"><span><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri"><strong><br />■環境法與環境倫理課程<br /></strong>講題:<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA"><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">何謂環境倫理學<br /></span></span>講者:<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">程進發(<span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: Calibri; mso-hansi-font-family: Calibri; mso-ansi-language: EN-US; mso-fareast-language: ZH-TW; mso-bidi-language: AR-SA">中央大學哲學研究所博士後研究員</span>)</span></span></span></span></p></span></span></span>&nbsp;</span><br />
繼續閱讀

赫爾辛基宣言(Declaration of Helsinki)2008年版

<p class="MsoNormal" style="text-align: left; text-indent: -37.8pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 37.8pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">赫爾辛基宣言(</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">Declaration of Helsinki</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">)</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">2008</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 16pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">年版</span></b><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" align="center" style="text-align: center; text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><b><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">引言</span></b><b><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"> </span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt">INTRODUCTION</span></b><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></b></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">1.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">世界醫學會制定赫爾辛基宣言,做為進行人體研究時之倫理指導原則。人體研究包括可辨識人體組織或資料的研究。</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.3pt"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-US">The World Medical Association (WMA) has developed the Declaration of Helsinki as a statement of ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects, including research on identifiable human material and data.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">本宣言應以整體來看,本宣言的每一段在應用時應同時考量其他有關段落的內容。</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent2" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 28.2pt"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-US">The Declaration is intended to be read as a whole and each of its constituent paragraphs should not be applied without consideration of all other relevant paragraphs.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">2.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">雖然本宣言主要對象是醫師,世界醫學會也鼓勵其他研究人員,在進行人體研究時遵循本宣言。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt">Although the Declaration is addressed primarily to physicians, the WMA encourages other participants in medical research involving human subjects to adopt these principles.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">3.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">醫師之職責在促進及維護人類</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">(</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">包括參與研究者</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">)</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">之健康,其專業知識及良知應奉獻於此一使命。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt">It is the duty of the physician to promote and safeguard the health of patients, including those who are involved in medical research. The physician's knowledge and conscience are dedicated to the fulfilment of this duty.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -1cm; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 1cm; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 1.0cm; mso-list: l3 level1 lfo2"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">4.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">世界醫學會之日內瓦宣言</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt">Declaration of Geneva</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">中</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">,</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">規範醫師必須以</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt">&ldquo;</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">病人之福祉為首要之考量</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt">&rdquo;</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">,</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">而國際醫療倫理規章</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">(</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt">International Code of Medical Ethics</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">)</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">亦宣示</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt">&ldquo;</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">提供醫療照護時</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'">,</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">醫師應保障病人之最大利益。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt">&rdquo;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoBodyTextIndent3" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-US">The Declaration of Geneva of the WMA binds the physician with the words, &ldquo;The health of my patient will be my first consideration,&rdquo; and the International Code of Medical Ethics declares that, &ldquo;A physician shall act in the patient's best interest when providing medical care.&rdquo;</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">5.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">醫學之進步奠基</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">於科學研究,而此研究終究必須仰賴以人為受試者。未能參與人體研究之族群應給予適當的機會參與研究。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Medical progress is based on research that ultimately must include studies involving human subjects. Populations that are underrepresented in medical research should be provided appropriate access to participation in research.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">6.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">在進行</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">有關人體之醫學研究時,應將受試者之利益置於任何其他利益之上。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">In medical research involving human subjects, the well-being of the individual research subject must take precedence over all other interests.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">7.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">進行人體研究之首要目的,在於了解疾病之成因、及其發展過程和影響;並改善各種預防、診斷及治療之方法。即便對目前已知之最佳治療,也應不斷地經由研究來評估其安全性、有效性、有用性,可近性及其品質。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">The primary purpose of medical research involving human subjects is to understand the causes, development and effects of diseases and improve preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic interventions (methods, procedures and treatments). Even the best current interventions must be evaluated continually through research for their safety, effectiveness, efficiency, accessibility and quality.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -32.9pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 32.9pt; tab-stops: list 33.0pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 32.9pt; mso-list: l4 level1 lfo3"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">8.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">在醫療行為及人體研究中,大多數的治療程序都涉及一定的危險與身體之負擔。</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: 36pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-char-indent-count: 3.0; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">In medical practice and in medical research, most interventions involve risks and burdens.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">9.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">人體研究之倫理標準,應以尊重生命,維護人類之健康及利益為依歸。對於特別之弱勢受試族群必須有特別之保護。如無法自行同意或拒絕研究者、或可能在受脅迫下同意的人</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Medical research is subject to ethical standards that promote respect for all human subjects and protect their health and rights. Some research populations are particularly vulnerable and need special protection. These include those who cannot give or refuse consent for themselves and those who may be vulnerable to coercion or undue influence.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">10.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">醫師</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">應</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">考量該國及國際上與人體研究有關之倫理、法律、相關法規及作業標準。任何國家之倫理、法律、相關法規及作業標準,皆不應減損或忽視本宣言對受試者所宣</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">示之保障。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Physicians should consider the ethical, legal and regulatory norms and standards for research involving human subjects in their own countries as well as applicable international norms and standards. No national or international ethical, legal or regulatory requirement should reduce or eliminate any of the protections for research subjects set forth in this Declaration.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 12pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: 1.0gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><b><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">醫學研究之基本原則</span></b><font face="新細明體"><b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 10.0pt">BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR ALL MEDICAL RESEARCH</span></b><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">11.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">醫學研究中,醫師之職責是在於保障受試者之生命、健康、尊嚴、品格、自決、隱私及個人資料之保密</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">It is the duty of physicians who participate in medical research to protect the life, health, dignity, integrity, right to self-determination, privacy, and confidentiality of personal information of research subjects.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">12.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">涉及人體</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">之醫學研究,必須依循普遍接受之科學原則,並奠基於對科學文獻之徹底瞭解,相關資訊之掌握,及適當的研究數據及動物實驗之結果。實驗動物之福祉也應予以尊重。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Medical research involving human subjects must conform to generally accepted scientific principles, be based on a thorough knowledge of the scientific literature, other relevant sources of information, and adequate laboratory and, as appropriate, animal experimentation. The welfare of animals used for research must be respected.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">13.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">對於可能影響環境之研究都必須謹慎進行。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Appropriate caution must be exercised in the conduct of medical research that may harm the environment.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -28.3pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 28.3pt; tab-stops: list 1.0cm; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 28.3pt; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo4"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">14.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">在</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">研究計畫書中,有關人體研究的每一個步驟,皆應清楚陳述其研究設計與執行內容。試</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">驗計畫書需檢附相關倫理考量的聲明,並應符合本宣言所揭櫫之原則。</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">.</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">此研究計畫書中必須說明經費來源、贊助者、相關機構、其他潛在利益衝突、對受試者的誘因,及發生研究傷害時,受試者可獲得的治療及</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">/</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">或補償。計畫書中應說明研究結束後,若結果顯示新治療方法有效時,受試者如何繼續接受此新治療方法或其他的治療方式。</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-left: 3.6gd"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">The design and performance of each research study involving human subjects must be clearly described in a research protocol. The protocol should contain a statement of the ethical considerations involved and should indicate how the principles in this Declaration have been addressed. The protocol should include information regarding funding, sponsors, institutional affiliations, other potential conflicts of interest, incentives for subjects and provisions for treating and/or compensating subjects who are harmed as a consequence of participation in the research study. The protocol should describe arrangements for post-study access by study subjects to interventions identified as beneficial in the study or access to other appropriate care or benefits.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -21.25pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 21.25pt; tab-stops: list 21.3pt; mso-char-indent-count: -1.77; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 21.25pt; mso-list: l2 level1 lfo4"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">15.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">研究計畫書必須先由研究倫理委員會考量、評論、指導及核准後,方可進行研究。此委員</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">會,必須獨立於研究者、贊助者、或任何其他不當影響力之外。此委員會應</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">考慮該國及國際上與人體研究有關之倫理、法律、相關法規及作業標準。任何國家之倫理、法律、相關法規及作業標準,皆不應減損或忽視本宣言對受試者所宣</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">示之保障。</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">委員會應有權監測進行中的試驗。研究人員有責任向委員會提供監測資訊,特別是任何嚴重不良事件。計畫書之任何變更應經此委員會</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">考量及核准後,方可進行變更。</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoBodyText" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 24pt; mso-para-margin-left: 2.4gd"><font size="3"><font face="Times New Roman"><span lang="EN-US">research ethics committee before the study begins. This committee must be independent of the regulations of the country or countries in which the research is to be performed as well as applicable international norms and standards but these must not be allowed to reduce or eliminate any of the protections for research subjects set forth in this Declaration. The committee must have the right to monitor ongoing studies. The researcher must provide monitoring information to the committee, especially information about any serious adverse events. No change to the protocol may be made without consideration and approval by the committee.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-size: 14pt"><o:p></o:p></span></font></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">16. </span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">人體</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">研究須由受過適當科學訓練及認證的人員執行。在病人及健康自願者身上進行之研究,需在合格醫師或醫療人員的監督下進行。對於人體試驗所產生的責任歸屬,皆由參與研究之醫師或醫療人員負責;即使事前已徵得該受試者之同意,該受試者亦不需負任何責任。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted only by individuals with the appropriate scientific training and qualifications. Research on patients or healthy volunteers requires the supervision of a competent and appropriately qualified physician or other health care professional. The responsibility for the protection of research subjects must always rest with the physician or other health care professional and never the research subjects, even though they have given consent.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">17.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">在弱勢受試者或族群進行之人體研究,僅有當此研究符合其首要健康需求,並可合理預測這些人員或族群可由研究結果中獲益時,方屬適當。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Medical research involving a disadvantaged or vulnerable population or community is only justified if the research is responsive to the health needs and priorities of this population or community and if there is a reasonable likelihood that this population or community stands to benefit from the results of the research.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">18.<span style="mso-tab-count: 1">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">任何人體研究,事前須審慎評估對受試者或其族群可能的風險與負擔,相對於其可能帶來之預期益處。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Every medical research study involving human subjects must be preceded by careful assessment of predictable risks and burdens to the individuals and communities involved in the research in comparison with foreseeable benefits to them and to other individuals or communities affected by the condition under investigation.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">19.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">所有臨床試驗需在納入第一位受試者前,須登記在可供大眾取得的資料庫中。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Every clinical trial must be registered in a publicly accessible database before recruitment of the first subject.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-indent: -33.05pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 33.05pt; mso-char-indent-count: -2.36; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 33.05pt; mso-line-height-alt: 12.0pt"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">20.<span style="mso-spacerun: yes">&nbsp; </span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">除非醫師已充份評估並有自信能充分</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">掌控研究</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">可能產生的風險,</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">否則不應從事人體研究。一旦發現研究的風險高過其潛在利益,或已可得到正面或有益之結論時,醫師應立即停止此研究。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Physicians may not participate in a research study involving human subjects unless they are confident that the risks involved have been adequately assessed and can be satisfactorily managed. Physicians must immediately stop a study when the risks are found to outweigh the potential benefits or when there is conclusive proof of positive and beneficial results.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -32.9pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 32.9pt; tab-stops: list 33.0pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 32.9pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo5"><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">21.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">唯有在研究目的之重要性超過</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">受試者可能遭受的風險時,人體研究才可進行。</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-left: 3.6gd"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Medical research involving human subjects may only be conducted if the importance of the objective outweighs the inherent risks and burdens to the research subjects.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -32.9pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 32.9pt; tab-stops: list 33.0pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 32.9pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo5"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">22.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">一般人參與人體研究必須是志願參加。雖然有時需要諮詢家人或社區領袖的意見,一般人須是在自由意志下同意方可參與人體研究。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-left: 3.6gd"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Participation by competent individuals as subjects in medical research must be voluntary. Although it may be appropriate to consult family members or community leaders, no competent individual may be enrolled in a research study unless he or she freely agrees.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -32.9pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 32.9pt; tab-stops: list 33.0pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 32.9pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo5"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">23.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">應採取一切之預防措施,以保護受試者之隱私,維護其個人資料的機密性,並將此研究對其身心及社會地位之影響降到最低。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-left: 3.6gd"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">Every precaution must be taken to protect the privacy of research subjects and the confidentiality of their personal information and to minimize the impact of the study on their physical, mental and social integrity.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -33pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 33pt; tab-stops: list 33.0pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo5"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">24.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">在一般人的人體</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">研究中,每一個可能的受試者,必須被告知該研究的目的、方法、經費來源、任何可能的利益衝突、研究人員所屬機構、該研究可預見的益處,及可能伴隨的危險與不適。受試者也應被告知其擁有的權利,包括可拒絕參與研究,或可隨時撤回同意而不受報復。需特別注意需滿足受試者對特定資訊的需求,及告知的方法。在確知受試者已充分瞭解以上資訊後,醫師或適當合格之人員應取得受試者於自由意志下簽署之受試者同意書,此受試同意書以書面行之為佳。若受試者同意書無法以書面方式行之,則非書面之同意必須經過正式地紀錄與見證。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-left: 3.6gd"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">In medical research involving competent human subjects, each potential subject must be adequately informed of the aims, methods, sources of funding, any possible conflicts of interest, institutional affiliations of the researcher, the anticipated benefits and potential risks of the study and the discomfort it may entail, and any other relevant aspects of the study. The potential subject must be informed of the right to refuse to participate in the study or to withdraw consent to participate at any time without reprisal. Special attention should be given to the specific information needs of individual potential subjects as well as to the methods used to deliver the information. After ensuring that the potential subject has understood the information, the physician or another appropriately qualified individual must then seek the potential subject&rsquo;s freely-given informed consent, preferably in writing. If the consent cannot be expressed in writing, the non-written consent must be formally documented and witnessed.</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; text-indent: -32.9pt; margin: 6pt 0cm 0pt 32.9pt; tab-stops: list 33.0pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-top: .5gd; mso-para-margin-right: 0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom: .0001pt; mso-para-margin-left: 32.9pt; mso-list: l0 level1 lfo5"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 14pt; mso-font-kerning: 0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-bidi-font-size: 12.0pt"><span style="mso-list: Ignore">25.<span style="font: 7pt &quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </span></span></span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">當使用可辨識之人體組織或資料進行研究時,通常醫師必須取得同意後,方可收集、分析、儲存和</span><span style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-fareast-font-family: 標楷體; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">/</span><span style="font-family: 標楷體; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 標楷體; mso-font-kerning: 1.0pt; mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt; mso-ascii-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-hansi-font-family: 'Times New Roman'; mso-ansi-language: ZH-TW">或再利用。在不可能或無法取得同意之情況,或取得同意後將造成研究無效時,此種研究需經研究倫理委員會審議和批准後,方可在免除同意書之情況下進行。</span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o:p></o:p></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt 36pt; punctuation-wrap: hanging; mso-layout-grid-align: auto; mso-para-margin-left: 3.6gd"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;,&quot;serif&quot;; font-size: 12pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; m
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精卵捐贈親屬關係查證辦法

<div align="left"><table class="MsoNormalTable" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="100%" style="width: 100%; border-collapse: collapse"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td width="100%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 100%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight: normal"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawContent.aspx?PCODE=L0070027"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">精卵捐贈親屬關係查證辦法</span></span></a></span></b><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; font-size: 16pt; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"> </span><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/Eng/LawClass/LawContent.aspx?PCODE=L0070027"><span style="color: blue; text-decoration: none; text-underline: none"><v :shapetype id="_x0000_t75" stroked="f" filled="f" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" o:preferrelative="t" o:spt="75" coordsize="21600,21600"></v><v :stroke joinstyle="miter"></v><v :formulas></v><v :f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"></v><v :f eqn="sum @0 1 0"></v><v :f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"></v><v :f eqn="prod @2 1 2"></v><v :f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelWidth"></v><v :f eqn="prod @3 21600 pixelHeight"></v><v :f eqn="sum @0 0 1"></v><v :f eqn="prod @6 1 2"></v><v :f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelWidth"></v><v :f eqn="sum @8 21600 0"></v><v :f eqn="prod @7 21600 pixelHeight"></v><v :f eqn="sum @10 21600 0"></v><v :path o:connecttype="rect" gradientshapeok="t" o:extrusionok="f"></v><o :lock aspectratio="t" v:ext="edit"></o><v :shape id="_x0000_i1025" o:button="t" alt="英" type="#_x0000_t75" style="width: 12pt; height: 10.5pt"></v><v :imagedata o:href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/images/flag/english.gif" src="file:///C:\Users\wen\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image001.gif"></v></span></a><o :p></o></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td width="100%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 100%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><font size="3"><b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">修正日期 </span></b><span style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt">民國<span lang="EN-US"> 97 </span>年<span lang="EN-US"> 02 </span>月<span lang="EN-US"> 20 </span>日 <span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></span></font></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o :p><font size="3">&nbsp;</font></o></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><table class="MsoNormalTable" border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" width="97%" style="width: 97.58%; border-collapse: collapse"><tbody><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 0; mso-yfti-firstrow: yes"><td valign="top" width="10%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 10.66%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=1"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">第 1 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">條</span></span></font></a><font size="3"> <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="3%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 3.38%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">&nbsp; <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="85%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 85.96%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">本辦法依人工生殖法(以下稱本法)第十五條第二項規定訂定之。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 1"><td valign="top" width="10%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 10.66%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=2"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">第 2 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">條</span></span></font></a><font size="3"> <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="3%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 3.38%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">&nbsp; <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="85%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 85.96%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">本辦法所稱之申請人為需接受生殖細胞捐贈之受術夫妻。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 2"><td valign="top" width="10%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 10.66%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=3"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">第 3 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">條</span></span></font></a><font size="3"> <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="3%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 3.38%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=3"><span style="color: blue; text-decoration: none; text-underline: none"><v :shape id="_x0000_i1026" o:button="t" alt="附件檔案" type="#_x0000_t75" style="width: 8.25pt; height: 10.5pt"></v><v :imagedata o:href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/images/flag/file.gif" src="file:///C:\Users\wen\AppData\Local\Temp\msohtmlclip1\01\clip_image002.gif"></v></span></a><o :p></o></span></p></td><td width="85%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 85.96%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">受術夫妻利用捐贈之精子(卵子)實施人工生殖前,應據實填具直系血親、直系姻親、四親等內之旁系血親親屬系統表(以下稱親屬表)(附表一)。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">受術夫妻應持醫療機構所出具之證明文件(附表二),向戶政事務所申請受術妻(夫)相關親屬之戶籍謄本,為填具、核對親屬表之用。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">受術夫(妻)為外籍人士,取得戶籍謄本顯有困難者,得於親屬表詳述理由。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 3"><td valign="top" width="10%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 10.66%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=4"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">第 4 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">條</span></span></font></a><font size="3"> <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="3%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 3.38%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">&nbsp; <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="85%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 85.96%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">醫療機構於實施人工生殖前,應就受術夫妻所提供之親屬表與捐贈人姓名及年籍資料確實核對。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">前項資料經醫療機構核對未違反本法第十五條第一項之規定者,應送由主管機關就人工生殖資料庫捐贈人資料,再行比對查證。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 4"><td valign="top" width="10%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 10.66%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=5"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">第 5 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">條</span></span></font></a><font size="3"> <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="3%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 3.38%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">&nbsp; <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="85%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 85.96%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">醫療機構對持有受術夫妻所提供之親屬表,應善盡保密之責任,不得無故洩漏。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 5"><td valign="top" width="10%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 10.66%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=6"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">第 6 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">條</span></span></font></a><font size="3"> <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="3%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 3.38%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">&nbsp; <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="85%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 85.96%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">本辦法第四條之比對查證,主管機關得委任其所屬國民健康局或委託相關團體辦理之。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p></td></tr><tr style="mso-yfti-irow: 6; mso-yfti-lastrow: yes"><td valign="top" width="10%" nowrap="nowrap" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 10.66%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="text-justify: inter-ideograph; text-align: justify; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><a href="http://law.moj.gov.tw/LawClass/LawSingle.aspx?Pcode=L0070027&amp;FLNO=7"><font size="3"><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">第 7 </span></span><span lang="EN-US" style="color: blue"><span lang="EN-US">條</span></span></font></a><font size="3"> <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="3%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 3.38%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">&nbsp; <o :p></o></font></span></p></td><td width="85%" style="border-bottom: #f0f0f0; border-left: #f0f0f0; padding-bottom: 0.75pt; background-color: transparent; padding-left: 0.75pt; width: 85.96%; padding-right: 0.75pt; border-top: #f0f0f0; border-right: #f0f0f0; padding-top: 0.75pt"><p class="MsoNormal" style="margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan; tab-stops: 45.8pt 91.6pt 137.4pt 183.2pt 229.0pt 274.8pt 320.6pt 366.4pt 412.2pt 458.0pt 503.8pt 549.6pt 595.4pt 641.2pt 687.0pt 732.8pt"><span style="font-family: 細明體; mso-bidi-font-family: 細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><font size="3">本辦法自發布日施行。<span lang="EN-US"><o :p></o></span></font></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table><p class="MsoNormal" align="left" style="text-align: left; margin: 0cm 0cm 0pt; mso-pagination: widow-orphan"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-family: '新細明體','serif'; mso-bidi-font-family: 新細明體; mso-font-kerning: 0pt"><o :p></o></span></p></td></tr></tbody></table></div>
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